How to Cure Lockjaw (2 Methods)
“Trismus” is spasm of the jaw muscles, which occurs due to a tetanus infection. Tetanus is a serious disease that requires a medical consultation in all cases. In addition to following the doctor’s advice, here are some strategies to cope with pain and muscle spasms of the jaw.
Method 1 : Looking for medical care
1. Know what is lockjaw
Trismus is a term used to describe the spasms of the masseter (jaw muscles) as a result of a tetanus infection. Tetanus is a bacterial infection that causes very painful muscle spasms; no healing and 10 to 20% of cases are fatal, making the fundamental tetanus toxoid vaccine to prevent disease.
Today, most people get a tetanus shot during youth, making this disease is very rare. The vaccine lasts for 10 years; after that, it is necessary to take a reinforcement to continue immune to tetanus.Tetanus infection is not transmitted from one person to another; instead, she is contracted to be hurt, usually with deep wounds that allow bacteria are able to enter the body. That is why when patients give inputs in emergency rooms with deep lesions, they are asked if they are in day with tetanus vaccines.
The tetanus symptoms generally appear about a week after infection of the bacteria. In addition to the spasms of the jaw muscles (trismus), other symptoms are: headache, fever, sweating, restlessness, difficulty swallowing, irritability and facial expressions affected due to muscle stiffness and spasms.
2. Seek medical attention immediately
The ideal is to consult a doctor as soon as the patient is exposed to tetanus bacteria. Typically, the disease is of concern when the injury is deep. If it has not been immunized against tetanus in the last 10 years, tetanus immunoglobulin is injected, followed by the vaccine.
Immunoglobulin is administered via intramuscular injection. In it there is immunoglobulin G, an antibody that helps the body get rid of all the toxins produced by the bacteria that cause tetanus. The administration of treatment will increase the patient’s immunity, helping to fight infection.
The dosage for adults and children is 250 units administered by intramuscular injection. A local anesthetic may be combined with the vaccine to reduce pain.The administration of the drug should always be done under medical supervision.Doctors will thoroughly clean the wound and remove dirt and debris that is lodged in it, minimizing the chance of a tetanus infection.
When the symptoms of lockjaw arise, is a sign that the treatment is already late.However, the vaccine will still be administered, since it still has an effect, even when the ideal is to take it as soon as possible and even before the injury that caused the tetanus infection.
3. Try medicines.
To help with the pain that causes lockjaw in the muscles of the jaw, the doctor may prescribe ibuprofen or naproxen, which are drugs that help to reduce inflammation present in the tissue of the joints and relieve discomfort.
Muscle relaxants such as Carisoprodol, are prescribed to combat muscular spasms of the jaw and other parts of the body.Sometimes, antibiotics are prescribed to fight infection with tetanus tetanus immunoglobulin, which is always used for the treatment of trismus.
Some drugs can also be used to improve muscle spasms. The breathing and heart rate are also affected by muscle spasms. Sedatives also act in the control of such symptoms; in severe cases of tetanus, it is necessary treatment and hospitalization of the patient in Intensive Care Units (ICU). They are ideal for severe cases, since monitoring of vital functions – such as breathing and heart rate – is close to done until the person recovers.
Method 2: Use of home remedies to deal with the symptoms
1. Try performing massages.
Massage on the joints of the jaw and the masseter muscle to fight the pain.With the help of the index and middle fingers, palpate the cheeks to find a sensitive point of the jaw. To find it, massage it with your fingers making a circular motion for 30 seconds, being careful not to exert too much force. The pressure should be firm, but without causing pain and promoting muscle relaxation.
2. Make application of heat.
The heat is great for relaxing muscles, helping to reduce spasms by increasing blood flow. Use a compress or hot water bottle and place it on the desired location holding on the affected area for about 30 minutes.The water should not be boiling or you may cause burns.
3. Cool the site.
The use of ice packs by the application of heat is an excellent treatment, since lower temperatures soothe inflammation, reducing pain. Soon after the heat treatment, apply an ice pack for five to ten minutes and switch between them.
4. Know that the home treatments do not replace professional medical care in any way.
Although they can be useful to reduce the pain of muscle spasms in the jaw resulting from tetanus, it is essential to receive tetanus immunoglobulin and specialized medical support.