How to know if you have Anemia (Tips)

About anemia

  • Causes of low blood percent
  • symptoms
  • Treatment
  • A change of diet and anemia
  • When should you consult a doctor?

Causes of Low Blood Count

The following may be causes of anemia:

  • Anemia:  – is one the of the most common causes of a low blood count.Anemia occurs when there are not enough red blood cells present in body.
  • Temporary anemia: If the body is starting to fight ongoing diseases or infections, blood  rate can temporarily decrease.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy a common cause of low blood percentages. During pregnancy due to the low hemoglobin level, there is increased need for blood in the mother and fetus.
  • Heavy bleeding at menstruation: Menstrual bleeding can lead to iron deficiency, the amount of iron you consume does not outweigh the amount of iron you secrete in menstrual bleeding.Iron deficiency – caused by menstruation – can thus lead to a low blood count.
  • Bleeding in the gut: Also unnoticed bleeding  in some cases be extensive enough to result in a low blood count.
  • Malnutrition – or malnutrition: Due to lack of nutrients in the diet can result in a low blood count. Especially vitamin B12, folic acid and iron are frequent causes of anemia and a low blood count.
  • Alcoholism: The probability of a low blood count increased due to, Lack of folic acid (B vitamins). The reason is that the recording and supply of folic acid and B vitamins often inhibited, reduced or impaired by alcoholism.
  • Autoimmune diseases: This type of disease can cause a low blood count. The specific features of autoimmune diseases is that the body turns its immune system against itself.Examples of autoimmune diseases include: lupus, rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis), type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, etc.
  • Chronic diseases: Examples of chronic diseases that can cause anemia, may include: gastrointestinal disorders, liver disease, or renal failure . Part of the chronic diseases that occur in the gastrointestinal tract, could result in an impaired ability to take up iron – such in Crohn’s disease .
  • Diseases related to red blood cell modes such as thalassemia, sickle cell anemia and hemolytic anemia can cause a low blood count.
  • Cancer: Cancer can cause a low blood count. Treatment methods of cancer (radiation and chemotherapy) can even cause anemia because they affect cancer cells as well as bone marrow cells (which produce red blood cells).
  • Bone marrow: Diseases and conditions related to the bone marrow can often lead to a low blood count. Bone marrow is the largest producer of white blood cells in the body – which is of great importance for the low blood count. Leukemia or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma / Hodgkin’s lymphoma are examples of diseases that can affect the bone marrow.

Symptoms

The following may be symptoms of a low blood count:

  • Fatigue
  • Increased need for sleep
  • Insomnia (difficulty falling asleep) or bad night’s sleep
  • Tend to be quickly exhausted
  • laxity
  • Weakness or weakness
  • Constipation (constipation)
  • Shortness of breath (typically by exertion)
  • Increased heart rate (sometimes feels like palpitations)
  • position Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • chest pain
  • Pallor / pale skin

Treatment

If you suspect to have a low blood count, you should consult a doctor. Once you have been diagnosed, and if you have a low blood count, you (unless your doctor recommends otherwise) try the following in order to raise the low blood count:

  • Rest between activities
  • Avoid or stop activities that get your heart rate to rise or makes you breathless
  • Ask other people for help
  • Make sure your diet is protein and vitamin-rich
  • Drink plenty of water (pure water – tap water or mineral water [sparkling])
  • avoid alcohol
  • avoid caffeine

A change of diet and anemia

In mild cases of anemia, a simple dietary change (to iron and B vitamin-rich diet) be enough to correct the low blood count. One can possibly use supplements containing iron or iron tablets.

If the low hemoglobin level is due to lack of folic acid, a dietary change will  be the best option. Folic acid-containing products include:

  • Liver
  • kidneys
  • Spinach
  • Cabbage
  • Yeast
  • nuts
  • fruits

Alternatively, take a folic acid supplement or a combination of folic acid / vitamin B12 supplements . Vitamin B12 is also in many animal foods (including the first two on the list above).

Iron is present in the following foods:

  • Red meat
  • Liver
  • salads
  • dry milk

When should you consult a doctor?

See a doctor if you resin or suspect a low blood count and:

  • Feeling very weak
  • Feel dizzy
  • Your heart beats faster
  • You are breathless or have difficulty breathing

NOTE: If you experience chest pain at a low hemoglobin level, you need emergency care.

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