How Long Does Zoloft (Sertraline hydrochloride) take To Work For Anxiety
Zoloft (Sertraline hydrochloride) is indicated for the treatment of depression accompanied by symptoms of anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder in adults and children, panic disorder, the post-traumatic stress disorder, social phobia or social anxiety disorder and syndrome premenstrual syndrome and / or premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
The Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride) acts on a substance found in the brain, called serotonin, increasing their availability and thereby alleviating symptoms of depression and anxiety disorders typical of that indicated.
Zoloft(sertraline hydrochloride )begins to act in 7 days. The time required to observe clinical improvement can vary and depends on the characteristics of the patient and the type of disorder under treatment.
Contraindications and risks of Zoloft(Sertraline Hydrochloride)
Zoloft(sertraline hydrochloride) should not be used if you have a history of allergy to sertraline or other components of the formula; if you are using antidepressants called inhibitors of mono-aminoxidase or simply MAOI; or if you are using pimozide. Zoloft(Sertraline hydrochloride) should not be used by children under 6 years.
Dosage and Instructions for use of Zoloft(Sertraline hydrochloride)
Zoloft(Sertraline hydrochloride) should be taken orally, once daily in the morning or evening, with or without food, preferably at the same time every day. The maximum recommended dose is 200 mg / day. Follow the guidance of your doctor, always respecting schedules, doses and duration of treatment. Do not stop treatment without the knowledge of your doctor. Zoloft(Sertraline hydrochloride) should not be chewed or crushed. If you forget to take Zoloft(Sertraline hydrochloride) in the time prescribed by your doctor, take it as soon as you remember. However, if you are already close to your next dose time, skip the missed dose and take the next, usually continuing the recommended dose regimen. In this case, do not take Zoloft(Sertraline hydrochloride) twice to make up for missed doses. The missed dose can compromise the effectiveness of treatment. If in doubt, seek advice from the pharmacist or your doctor or dentist.
Adverse Reactions of Zoloft(Sertraline hydrochloride)
Undesirable reactions can occur with the use of sertraline hydrochloride. Adverse events associated with treatment with sertraline hydrochloride in controlled clinical studies of patients participating and / or post-marketing experience are:
- Very common reaction (= 1/10 occurs in patients using sertraline hydrochloride): insomnia, somnolence, dizziness, headache, diarrhea, dry mouth, nausea (feeling sick), ejaculation disorders , and fatigue (tiredness).
- Common reaction (occurs between = 1/100, <1/10 of patients using sertraline hydrochloride): decreased or increased appetite, symptoms of depression, decreased sex drive, agitation, anxiety, tingling, increased muscle tension, tremor , involuntary muscle contractions, impaired vision, tinnitus, palpitations, flushing, yawning, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, dyspepsia (indigestion), rash, hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), arthralgia (joint pain), sexual dysfunction, menstruation irregular, chest pain, malaise.
- Unusual reaction (occurs between = 1 / 1,000 to <1/100 of patients using sertraline hydrochloride): hypersensitivity (allergic reaction), hypothyroidism (decreased production of thyroid hormone), hallucinations, aggression, euphoria, confusion, bruxism (teeth grinding), coma, convulsions, syncope (fainting), extrapyramidal disorders (coarse tremors, slow movements), hyperkinesia (excessive muscle activity), akathisia (difficulty staying in the same place or need to move the legs), headache, hypoesthesia (decreased sensitivity), mydriasis (pupil dilation), periorbital edema (swelling around the eyes), tachycardia (increased heart rate), hemorrhage, hypertension (high blood pressure), bronchospasm (contraction of the bronchi and bronchioles), epistaxis (nosebleeds), gastrointestinal bleeding, urticaria, purpura (small purple spots on the skin or mucous membranes), pruritus (itching), alopecia (hair loss), muscle spasms, trapped urine, loose urine, gait disorders, facial edema ( swelling of the face), peripheral edema (swelling in the body extremities), fever, asthenia (weakness), increased ALT or SGPT (liver enzyme), increased AST or SGOT (liver enzyme), decrease or increase in weight, abnormal laboratory tests.
- Rare reactions (occurring in = 1 / 10,000 to <1 / 1,000 of patients using sertraline hydrochloride): leukopenia (reduction in white blood cells or defense blood cells), thrombocytopenia (low platelets), anaphylactoid reaction (reaction allergic), inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (which decreases the production of urine), hyperprolactinemia (increased concentration of the hormone prolactin in the blood), diabetes mellitus, hyponatremia (low sodium levels in the blood), hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia (decrease or increase of blood sugar levels respectively), psychotic disorder (hallucinations and delusions), nightmares, increased serotonin syndrome, dystonia (involuntary movements), torsades de pointes ( a severe type of heart arrhythmia), cerebral vasoconstriction (including vasoconstriction syndrome reversible cerebral or Call Fleming syndrome), pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), liver damage, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, angioedema (vascular origin of swelling), exfoliative rash (red spots with skin peeling), reaction photosensitivity (exaggerated skin sensitivity to light), hematuria (blood in urine), enuresis, priapism (erection spontaneous penile without persistent and painful stimulus), galactorrhea (secreçãode milk), gynecomastia (enlarged breasts in men), withdrawal syndrome drug, QT prolongation on electrocardiogram (electrocardiographic changes), abnormal platelet function test, increased blood cholesterol, fracture.
Tell your doctor, dentist or pharmacist surgeon the appearance of undesirable reactions by the use of sertraline hydrochloride. Please also inform the company through its service.
Overdose of Sertraline Hydrochloride
Seek medical attention immediately. Overdose symptoms include drowsiness, nausea and vomiting, increased heart rate, tremor, agitation and dizziness. Coma can occur but is rare. Deaths due to overdose of sertraline were mainly reported in association with other drugs and / or alcohol. There are no specific antidotes and vomiting induction is not recommended.