Menopause in Women

The menstrual cycle is complex, with numerous steps integrated between the brain, ovaries, and uterus. Everything starts in the brain, from where the impulses that stimulate the ovaries to produce hormones. These hormones, in a cyclic manner, and will stimulate the endometrium flake off in the form of menstruation. The endometrium is the tissue within the uterine cavity which has the function of implanting the fertilised eggs, which dissolves in the form of menses does not occur if pregnancy.

This cyclical orchestration of monthly hormones that occurs in women is preparing for pregnancy. Previously, little woman menstruated, being pregnant or nursing most of the time. It was a time a few periods and many children.

Currently, there are new drugs and techniques which seek to control more efficiently the menstrual cycle.

From the 50’s end, with the knowledge and development of synthetic hormones, and similar substances with hormonal effects, the realisation of their use as a contraceptive method was a landmark in mankind. From this, the human being could dissociate sex from procreation, with all the socio-economic and cultural impact of this change, and passed the time of many periods with few children with more advanced age pregnancies. But that may predispose to some diseases such as endometriosis and fibroid.

 Currently, there are new drugs and techniques which seek to control more efficiently with less side effects, for example; the menstrual cycle. As we have seen before, there are three main control points, the brain, the ovaries and the uterus. As required, we can act on each of these levels. For example, in case of a child start the development of the sexual characteristics and menstruation early (under eight), it may use a non-steroidal drug that blocks the impulses in the brain, and thus could slow down the whole process. There are also known hormonal contraceptives which can be used for controlling menstrual cycles, or stop bleeding.

Most women menstruate without major difficulties. Some diseases such as endometriosis, fibroid, bleeding disorders and women with greater sensitivity to hormonal fluctuations can present numerous problems from behavioural (TPM) to undertake normal activities caused by pain and / or intensity of bleeding. It is up to the patient and the physician to assess, what is the cause and act in the best way, considering the adverse effects of each choice.

Many women believe that the continuous use of contraceptive may delay menopause, since the menses does not occur. However, the use of contraceptive implant and no use menopause, once the will mature in the same way. In general, only surgical procedures that compromise the ovary interfere with the onset of menopause, arriving early on. The removal of endometrium can greatly decrease the bleeding, as well as medicated IUD.

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