How to Stop Muscle Cramps from Dehydration

muscle cramps

Muscle Cramps are involuntary and painful contractions of a muscle or a muscle group. They affect only the striated muscle and mainly affect the posterior muscles of the leg. A cramp can get during physical activity, at home and even during sleep. It is more common to get a cramp after an intense muscle contraction with consequent shortening of the muscle that is suffering the process. The cramps are associated with a number of conditions unrelated to the sport or exercise. Lack of fitness and fatigue may also be responsible for cramps and other muscle injuries .




The overuse of a muscle, dehydration , muscle tension or simply maintaining the same position for an extended period of time may result in a muscle cramp. In many cases, however, the exact cause of the symptom is unknown.

Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition such as:

  • Narrowing of the arteries
  • Nerve compression
  • Deficiency potassium , calcium or magnesium
  • Use of diuretics
  • Diabetes
  • neurological diseases
  • Liver Diseases
  • Disorders of thyroid
  • Alcoholism

Risk factors

Factors that may increase the risk of muscle cramps include:

muscle cramps

  • Advanced age
  • Dehydration
  • Pregnancy
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Presence of metabolic diseases.

Seeking medical help

Muscle cramps usually disappear on their own and rarely require medical care. However, seek professional help if the cramp:

  • cause severe discomfort
  • It is associated with swelling in the leg , redness or skin changes
  • It is associated with muscle weakness
  • It often happens
  • Does not improve with self-care
  • It is not associated with an obvious cause, such as strenuous exercise.


In the medical consultation

Experts who can diagnose treat the causes of cramps are:

  • general practitioner
  • Physiotherapist
  • Physical educator

Be prepared for the consultation can facilitate diagnosis and optimize time. This way, you can now get to the consultation with some information:

  • A list of all the symptoms and how long they appeared.
  • Medical history, including other conditions that the patient has and medications or supplements he takes regularly.
  • If possible, ask for a person accompanying you.

The doctor will likely make a series of questions such as:

  • When the symptoms started?
  • The symptoms are severe and / or frequent?
  • Something seems to cause the symptoms, such as physical exercise?
  • You develop cramps even while at rest?
  • Stretching ease your pain?
  • Do you have other symptoms, including muscle weakness, pain or numbness?
  • Do you have close relatives with a history of muscle cramps?
  • Have you noticed any changes in the urine after exercise?
  • Do you use any type of recreational drugs or sport?

Treatment and care

muscle cramps

To ease the pain of muscle cramps, you can apply a hot or cold compress on the sore muscles at the first sign of a spasm. You can use a warm cloth, a heating pad, a cold cloth or ice.

If the pain does not improve, try taking an anti-inflammatory drug-free sale, such as ibuprofen. It may help to gently stretch the sore muscles.

Muscle cramps can disrupt your sleep. Talk to your doctor about the need for a drug to minister during sleep and relieve muscle spasms.

If you have an underlying medical condition, discuss treatment options with your doctor. Checking the cause of muscle cramps may improve symptoms and relieve spasms. For example, Calcium or potassium may be prescribed supplements.

Other precautions to prevent cramps include:

  • Stretching and heating the muscles before starting physical activity
  • Ingesting liquids properly
  • If you practice physical activity, consider taking isotonic drinks
  • Have a balanced diet

Medicines for muscle cramps

A crick can have various causes, so that the treatment varies according to the diagnosis made by the doctor. Therefore, only a trained expert can tell what the most appropriate medicine for your case as well as the correct dosage and duration of treatment. The most common treatment of muscle cramps drugs are:

  • cinnarizine
  • Mionevrix

Always strictly follow the guidelines of your physician and never try to get treated by yourself. Do not stop the drug without consulting a doctor before and, take it more than once or in much larger quantities than prescribed, follow the instructions on the label.

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