How to Know if You twisted Your knee

Twists are common, especially among physically active people. They occur when a muscle is stretched or suffers an excessive extent, usually caused by the strong charge or force carried on to the muscle, incorrect use or damage caused by injury or accidents. In a twisted knee, the muscle fibres or tendons are injured after being stretched too much, they begin to ache immediately after the injury or even after a few hours. To suspect a sprained or twisted knee, it is important to know the symptoms and how to identify them and be aware of the diagnosis and treatment needed for recovery.

[ READ MORE : How to treat a Knee Sprain ]How to Know if You twisted Your knee

Part 1 : Checking the symptoms of a twisted knee

1. Watch for inflammation and pain.

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Inflammation is actually a body mechanism used as a defence against injury; The body is left with a swollen spot or redness, pain or a warm feeling. Make sure the twisted knee is hot to touch, swollen or red by putting a hand on it and analysing it. Moreover, it is important to check for pain and tenderness.A hot sensation in the affected area is due to increased blood circulation designated to carry the body heat from the centre to peripheral tissues of the body, which are colder.

  • Inflammation is caused by an increased movement of white blood cells.
  • When there is an increase of blood circulation to a lesion, local redness increases.
  • Sometimes, the affected area is not red but discoloured or bruised due to twisting.

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2. Check for stiffness or reduced movement.

After a knee injury, it is common that the local bruise gets hard and the patient can not move it properly. Support the injured leg and lift it carefully to see if the twisted knee appears to be weak or unstable, and flaccid, causing jitters in the affected area.Tendons or tissue connected to the muscle are affected, making you feel stiff or weak.

3. Identify the presence of numbness or muscle spasms.

Sometimes injuries can cause sporadic and sudden muscle spasms. It is important to check if the twisted knee or the place around feels strange due to the trauma.The numbness is caused by the temporary loss of motor or sensory functions as a result of damage to muscle tissue.

4. Stay tuned to certain noises and see if there is flexibility.

Carefully move the leg and analyse it for unusual sounds such as crackling or creaking knee. This type of noise can signal that something is broken;Try to to check for any unusual sound.If you Cannot flex or extend the leg is a clear sign twist.

5. Determine if you can support yourself with the knee.

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Muscles and tendons are not as strong as they were before twisting; You should rest with the injured knee to see if you can stand or if the leg can not withstand the pressure. Another test is to walk or climb stairs to see if you can move normally. When there is damage to muscles, tendons or ligaments, simple movements like these are very painful and difficult to perform.

Part 2 : Medical diagnosis for a Twisted Knee

1. Disclose relevant medical information.

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During the consultation, it is important to inform the doctor about all the problems with joints, complications with previous surgery, inflammation or injuries and their level of physical activity.Recall the latest falls, running or walking on uneven ground, twisting ankles, stumbling and sudden impacts on the knee.

2. Examine the ligaments of the knee.

The doctor may perform several tests to analyse the condition of the knee ligaments, as they are critical in stabilization. Diagnosis by a professional is made in the collateral ligaments, the posterior cruciate ligament and the anterior cruciate ligament.Pressure tests on the knee will check the status of the lateral and medial ligaments.

[ READ MORE : Symptoms,Causes and Treatment of an ACL Injury

The drawer test is used to check the status of the posterior cruciate ligament. The examination Lachman, drawer test and the “pivot shift” will be used to examine the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament. If the doctor believe that you have trouble in the meniscus – based on the results of the tests made in the knee ligaments – he may ask you to undergo the McMurray test. Too much pain to undergo physical examinations regularly as stated above, may cause the doctor to suggest an anthropometric survey to measure the degree of laxity of the knee.

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3. Do more tests if the doctor suspects a more serious injury.

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The orthopaedic surgeon may perform a physical examination of the injured site to determine the degree of swelling, pain, stability within the joints and the degree of mobility. At that time, he may also recommend other tests such as X-rays, MRIs, X-rays or ultrasound. They provide more definitive results to the knee problem.Such tests should be done only when the physical examination of the doctor does not help to discover the problem.

  • The x-ray can find fractures or cartilage damage.
  • X-rays and MRI will give the doctor a better idea of the knee internal situation, detecting swelling and damage to internal tissues.
  • Ultra sonography is also useful in image production of knee tissues, in addition to serving as therapy.

Part 3 : Treating sprained knee

1. Reduces pain, swelling and fever using drugs.

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The NSAID – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug – and analgesics are often used to relieve pain, swelling or fever associated with the twist arising in the knee. It is important to consult a doctor before consuming OTC medicines, as they can lead to kidney problems and bleeding. If you do not work, the doctor will probably prescribe controlled drugs.

2. Limit the movement to protect the joints.

Use medical accessories such as splints, casts, slings, bandages and crutches to reduce movement during recovery of the knee. These devices also help reduce the pain while the knee is immobilized.

3. Receive physical therapy to help treat twist.

Depending on the severity of the injury, the medical insurance may recommend physical therapy, carried out exercises to reduce pain and strengthen the knee and movement.

4. Lift and rest the knee.

To help reduce the pain, it is important to raise and rest the twisted knee, leaving it at a higher level to the heart to decrease the amount of blood brought to the site. Do not stand on the knee and avoid physical activities; the home is important to speed recovery and combat swelling. At rest, the doctor may recommend light exercises to prevent stiffness.

5. Apply ice and make compression knee.

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To combat the pain and swelling, apply ice and keep the tablet knee, either through an ice pack or put crushed ice in a plastic bag, applying for no more than 20 minutes at a time. The process may be repeated every hour. Applying ice prevent future damage to the tissues, while the compression bandages reduces pain and swelling.
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